SparkNotes. (n.d.) Research methods in psychology (Chart). Retrieved from http://www.sparknotes.com/psychology/psych101/researchmethods/section3/page/3/
Evidence-based practice (EBP) principles are being adopted by many professions related to the creative therapies, including: medicine; nursing; social work; and education.
The EBP model is built on five steps.
Generally speaking, the realibility and value placed on different types of information according to an EBP paradigm will be ranked thus:
Image source: JoWilson13. Literature searching for health promotion 2013 (slideshow). Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/JoWilson13/literature-searching-for-health-promotion-2013
As you work your way from less- to more-reliable, you will notice that the size of data sets and the evaluations and comparisons within them increase. A meta-analysis will study hundreds or thousands of individual cases, which allows for overarching trends to emerge. Individual case studies may not always enable the researcher to determine which characteristics are typical of similar cases and which characteristics pertain only to that particular case.
§ When the source was created or last updated?
§ Is this current enough for your topic (some fields change more rapidly than others)?
¨ Reliability (the content itself)
§ Are the sources of the information documented (cited)?
§ Is the content mostly opinion or mostly verifiable information?
§ Is it complete?
§ “Triangulate” sources (find 3 or so that say the same thing) to determine this
¨ Authority (the author or creator)
§ Who created this resource?
§ Is the creator an expert on this topic?
§ Does the creator have any institutional affiliations?
¨ Purpose (the publishing source and/or medium)
§ Why was the resource created?
§ Who is the intended audience?
§ Does the publishing source have an apparent agenda or bias?
§ Are there ads? A lot of them?